Co-location has been traditionally invoked to ease formal collaboration between individuals and firms, since tie formation costs increase with physical distance between partners. Studies regarding the impact of immigrants on natives tend to find limited consequences in the short-run, while the results in the long-run are more varied and much less certain.
If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form. Our article provides insights and lessons learned from using measures of innovative activities for scholars who are interested in capturing creative activities. Lisa Larrimore Ouellette; Publication year: Innovations show increasing returns to knowledge stock, implying that the diminishing returns assumed by some semi-endogenous growth models might not be generalized.
General contact details of provider: In contrast, patents in energy conservation technologies and green transportation technologies have continued to grow, but at a slower pace. In some instances, highly-skilled actors might become mobile and bridge regional networks across separate locations.
Kinch, Julio Raffo; Publication year: However, the observed trend of the innovation dynamics is cause for optimism. This paper provides a historical characterization of the innovation and record of technical progress in US commercial aircraft during the period.
The authors reassess the economics of copyright in the light of these changes. This concordance allows researchers to analyze differences in TM usage across both economic and TM sectors. A limited number of higher education applicants accounted for 42 percent of patents and utility models, with a clear specialization in pharmaceutical technologies.
If you are a registered author of this item, you may also Wipo economics research working papers to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation. Immigrants in the United States aid business and technology exchanges with their home countries, but the overall effect that the migration has on the home country remains unclear.
Many researchers have already made use of these data to study individual clusters or selected clusters within a particular region. Trademark squatting, therefore, creates a strategic, albeit excessive, response by brand owners which inflates trademark filings.
First, it describes a new database mapping migratory patterns of inventors, extracted from information included in patent applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty. Preliminary evidence suggests that immigrant inventors contribute to innovation not only in the United States, but also in selected European countries, where they often rank among the most productive individuals.
We compile a worldwide gender-name dictionary, which includes 6. In some instances, highly-skilled actors might become mobile and bridge regional networks across separate locations. Other sources of micro-data are examined, too, for comparative purposes.
It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about. Conceptually, there is not much difference between innovative and creative activity: In this process, the PV industry has seen a booming demand, drastic price decreases along the supply chain, and fierce competition among surviving companies.
This paper reviews the development of the early antibiotics, and the roles of intellectual property rights in particular, patents in their development and diffusion. It defines concepts; analyzes the conditions under which brands are long-lived productive assets and contribute to economic growth; and reviews the measurement of investment in brands.
This paper seeks to understand how this spatial shift has occurred and its drivers, with a specific focus on the role of intangible assets and intellectual property. In this paper, the authors apply this ALP concordance for TMs to characterize patterns in TM applications across countries, industries, income levels and more.
Animal farm leaders and followers essay foregrounding in literature essays or criticisms abortion pro life vs pro choice essay. This wide-ranging but rigorous macro-level study of 31 EMEs provides some much-needed evidence.
Luintel, Konstantinos Theodoris; Publication year: It presents a review of policy frameworks and recent policy changes aimed to foster academic patenting and technology transfer in low- and middle-income countries.
Besides considering an internal firm dimension, the authors focus particularly on knowledge sourcing from academic institutions and the appropriability regime using a cost-benefit framework.
Among other things, the study offers insights into the drivers of filing growth, the origin of filings, the distribution of applicants, the importance of different applicant types, the share of filings by different economic sectors, the relevance of IP bundles, and the patenting behavior of Chilean applicants overseas.
This paper defines and provides a taxonomy for different brand markets then analyzes the economic rationale of such markets. Jason Dedrick, Kenneth L. The antibiotic revolution also spawned the modern pharmaceutical industry.University of Cologne, Working Paper Series in Economics (Ed.), Köln Brosig, Jeannette, Kocher, Martin, Sutter Matthias: Bargaining among groups: the role.
2 Acknowledgements. This study is the result of a research project conducted under the Second Phase of the Project on Intellectual Property and Socio-Economic Development –. Wipo economic research working paper Writing an essay on how people not knowing that #wv exists felt worse than stereotypes.
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essay on study abroad marquette university. a hamlet essay uk. Abstract. In this working paper, the authors connect concepts, definitions and data regarding the informal economy, innovation, and intellectual property in order to establish a framework for further qualitative and quantitative research and the improvement of public policies in respect of these issues.
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